Cihan University-Erbil Conferences, 4th International Conference on Biological & Health Sciences (CIC-BIOHS’2022)

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Identification of Pharyngitis Bacteria in Patients with Sore Throat Features in Rizgary Teaching Hospital and Overuse of Antibiotics
Noor Lutphy Ali, Mustafa D. Younus, Omar F. Bahjat

Last modified: 2022-08-31


This research is designed to study sore throat (pharyngitis) and its causes, which is considered to be one of the serious health problems that affect many individuals annually. The research included an infected study status of 81 cases suspected of pharyngitis attending Rzgary Hospital department of ENT, in Erbil city. Infection was diagnosed by culturing the throat swab and collecting data about individual gender, age, occupation and residency. Also, this study deals with acute and chronic pain of sore throat (pharyngitis) and describes their causes. As well as the diagnosis was also achieved. Streptococcus pneumonia, Streptococcus pyogenes, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis and Staphylococcus sp., were isolated from the pharyngitis patients. The antibiotic susceptibility test was carried on the isolated bacteria using different types of antibiotics such as Ampicillin, Penicillin, Streptomycin, Ceftriaxone and Cefotaxime. The results indicated that most of the bacteria were resistant to the antibiotics. The highest sensitivity of pathogenic bacterial species was found towards streptomycin, while Ampicillin and Penicillin had the highest resistance; hence antimicrobial treatment should be recommended only after culturing and sensitivity testing. This would aid in the appropriate treatment, discourage the indiscriminate use of antibiotics, and avoid further development of drug resistance. It has been found that males are more vulnerable to getting pharyngitis than females. Age has a significant influence on increasing or decreasing the number of infected people. Also, the individuals living in Erbil city are more prone to be infected than those in the villages.

Keywords: Pharyngitis Bacteria, Sore Throat, Rizgary Teaching Hospital.



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